- Aboriginal Marn Grook (Ball Sport)
Marn Grook is an Aboriginal team ball sport played among the tribes of western Victoria, Australia since an unknown point in history.
- Aboriginal Woggabaliri (Ball Sport)
Woggabaliri is a sport of the Aboriginal Wiradjuri people. Historically, it was a very simple keep-up game with no winner, like hacky sack.
- Ancient Hawaiian Hakoko (Wrestling)
Hakoko was an ancient Hawaiian form of upright wrestling that fell completely out of practice sometime in the 19th century.
- Ancient Hawaiian Holua (Lava Sledding)
He’e holua is a traditional Hawaiian sport. Diving headfirst down mountainside courses, athletes slide for distance on their papa holua sledges.
- Ancient Hawaiian Kukini (Racing)
Kukini was an ancient Hawaiian foot racing sport with focus on gambling. Athletes would sometimes even throw races to secure their bets.
- Ancient Hawaiian Mokomoko (Boxing)
Mokomoko was a traditional Hawaiian boxing sport. These athletes wouldn’t dodge, and could only block by punching the opponent’s fist.
- Ancient Hawaiian Pahee (Javelin Throw)
Pahee was an ancient Hawaiian sport that involved throwing a short javelin-like pole for distance down a long dirt path.
- Ancient Hawaiian Ulu Maika (Bowling)
Ulu maika was an ancient Hawaiian sport with similarities to bowling. Athletes would take turns rolling a small stone disk as far as they could.
- Calcio Fiorentino (Renaissance Soccer)
Calcio fiorentino was an Italian Renaissance sport with elements of soccer and handball. It was popular among nobility, especially the Medici.
- Chinese Chuiwan (Golf)
Chuiwan was a Chinese sport theorized to contribute to the development of golf. Players used a selection of clubs to drive a ball to a hole.
- Chinese Cuju (Ancient Soccer)
Cuju, a sport similar to soccer, was popular for over a millennium across several Asian countries before fading away around the 16th century.
- Chinese Jiao Di
Jiao di was an ancient Chinese sport that may have involved clashing with horned helmets. Sources disagree, though it did involve grappling.
- Colombian Tejo / Turmequé (Golden Disc Toss)
Tejo is the modern Colombian version of an ancient Chibcha sport called turmequé. This game involves throwing metal disks at explosive targets.
- Dutch Kolf/Kolven (Medieval Golf)
Kolf (or kolven) was a medieval Dutch sport similar to golf. In this icy game, players struck a ball to a target in as few strokes as possible.
- Egyptian Fisherman Jousting (Water Jousting)
Fisherman jousting was an aquatic combat sport practiced in ancient Egypt. These tomb murals depict boats of men jousting with poles.
- Ethiopian Genna (Field Hockey)
Genna is a field hockey sport played in Ethiopia. It takes place on an open field without boundaries, and sometimes cattle even get in the way.
- European Bandy (Ice Hockey)
Bandy is an ice hockey sport played in Europe for several centuries. Heavily influenced by soccer, it’s distinct from Canadian ice hockey.
- French Jeu de Mail (Medieval Croquet)
Jeu de mail was a French ball-and-mallet sport that led to the development of croquet and may have influenced the development billiards.
- French La Soule (Medieval Hockey-Football)
La soule was a medieval sport in which teams of 10 to 100 players would skirmish for a ball to run it across miles of landscape to their goal.
- German Ringen (Grappling)
Geselliges Ringen was a medieval German recreational sport, while Kampfringen was a self-defense system akin to MMA.