Index: Sports


  • Aboriginal Marn Grook (Ball Sport)

    Marn Grook is an Aboriginal team ball sport played among the tribes of western Victoria, Australia since an unknown point in history.

  • Aboriginal Woggabaliri (Ball Sport)

    Woggabaliri is a sport of the Aboriginal Wiradjuri people. Historically, it was a very simple keep-up game with no winner, like hacky sack.

  • Ancient Hawaiian Hakoko (Wrestling)

    Hakoko was an ancient Hawaiian form of upright wrestling that fell completely out of practice sometime in the 19th century.

  • Ancient Hawaiian Holua (Lava Sledding)

    He’e holua is a traditional Hawaiian sport. Diving headfirst down mountainside courses, athletes slide for distance on their papa holua sledges.

  • Ancient Hawaiian Kukini (Racing)

    Kukini was an ancient Hawaiian foot racing sport with focus on gambling. Athletes would sometimes even throw races to secure their bets.

  • Ancient Hawaiian Mokomoko (Boxing)

    Mokomoko was a traditional Hawaiian boxing sport. These athletes wouldn’t dodge, and could only block by punching the opponent’s fist.

  • Ancient Hawaiian Pahee (Javelin Throw)

    Pahee was an ancient Hawaiian sport that involved throwing a short javelin-like pole for distance down a long dirt path.

  • Ancient Hawaiian Ulu Maika (Bowling)

    Ulu maika was an ancient Hawaiian sport with similarities to bowling. Athletes would take turns rolling a small stone disk as far as they could.

  • Calcio Fiorentino (Renaissance Soccer)

    Calcio fiorentino was an Italian Renaissance sport with elements of soccer and handball. It was popular among nobility, especially the Medici.

  • Chinese Chuiwan (Golf)

    Chuiwan was a Chinese sport theorized to contribute to the development of golf. Players used a selection of clubs to drive a ball to a hole.

  • Chinese Cuju (Ancient Soccer)

    Cuju, a sport similar to soccer, was popular for over a millennium across several Asian countries before fading away around the 16th century.

  • Chinese Jiao Di

    Jiao di was an ancient Chinese sport that may have involved clashing with horned helmets. Sources disagree, though it did involve grappling.

  • Colombian Tejo / Turmequé (Golden Disc Toss)

    Tejo is the modern Colombian version of an ancient Chibcha sport called turmequé. This game involves throwing metal disks at explosive targets.

  • Dutch Kolf/Kolven (Medieval Golf)

    Kolf (or kolven) was a medieval Dutch sport similar to golf. In this icy game, players struck a ball to a target in as few strokes as possible.

  • Egyptian Fisherman Jousting (Water Jousting)

    Fisherman jousting was an aquatic combat sport practiced in ancient Egypt. These tomb murals depict boats of men jousting with poles.

  • Ethiopian Genna (Field Hockey)

    Genna is a field hockey sport played in Ethiopia. It takes place on an open field without boundaries, and sometimes cattle even get in the way.

  • European Bandy (Ice Hockey)

    Bandy is an ice hockey sport played in Europe for several centuries. Heavily influenced by soccer, it’s distinct from Canadian ice hockey.

  • French Jeu de Mail (Medieval Croquet)

    Jeu de mail was a French ball-and-mallet sport that led to the development of croquet and may have influenced the development billiards.

  • French La Soule (Medieval Hockey-Football)

    La soule was a medieval sport in which teams of 10 to 100 players would skirmish for a ball to run it across miles of landscape to their goal.

  • German Ringen (Grappling)

    Geselliges Ringen was a medieval German recreational sport, while Kampfringen was a self-defense system akin to MMA.