- Chinese Ding
The Chinese ding was a heavy cauldron with powerful symbolic authority. Ancient martial artists would often lift these massive pieces of bronze.
- Chinese Lei Tai
The lei tai was a raised platform on which martial artists would fight. Typically, the goal was to force consecutive challengers over the edge.
- European Lifting Stones
Lifting stones, usually weighing 50 to 500 pounds, have been used for strength contests and rites of passage throughout Europe for centuries.
- Greco-Roman Skamma (Wrestling Pit)
The skamma was the “wrestling pit” in Ancient Greece, used in Greco-Roman stadiums for combat sports and the long jump.
- Greek Boxing Equipment
The main piece of boxing equipment ancient Greek fighters typically wore was a pair of hand wraps with sharp-edged leather to cut their opponent’s face.
- Greek Discus
The Greek discus was a bronze plate used in ancient Olympic Games. Athletes would compete for the longest thrown distance.
- Greek Gymnasium
The ancient Greek gymnasium was a bastion of physical education where men could train under the supervision of seasoned athletes.
- Greek Halteres
Halteres were ancient Greek sporting tools with similarities to the modern dumbbell. They were primarily used in the long jump.
- Greek Hoplite Armor
The Greek hoplite armor used in the ancient hoplitodromos race consisted of bronze greaves, a helmet, and a large wooden shield.
- Greek Javelin
The Greek javelin, though primarily used for war and hunting, was a recognizable icon within ancient Greek athletic culture.
- Greek Palaestra
The palaestra was an ancient Greek athletic establishment for combat sports. It was a central icon within the life of the Greek man.
- Greek Stadium
The ancient Greek stadium hosted Panhellenic festivals in different regions, such as the ancient Olympic Games and Panathenaic Games.
- Greek Strigil
The strigil was an ancient Greco-Roman tool used to scrape oil, dirt, perspiration, and other contaminants off the skin.
- Persian Zurkhaneh
The ancient Persian zurkhaneh originated in military training, evolving into an institution for ritualistic training both physical and mental.
- Roman Pila (Balls): Follis, Paganica, Trigon
The four primary sports played in ancient Roman society used three types of balls (pila); the follis, paganica, and trigon