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  • Hawaiian Ancient Surfing

    Traditional Hawaiian culture is rich with ancient surfing history; giant, glossy surfboards for kings, conditioned koa boards for commoners.

  • Health and Medical Symbols

    Medical symbols throughout the history of humankind have often featured serpents. More abstract symbols, such as the red cross, are newer.

  • Herbal Classic of Shen Nong

    The Herbal Classic of Shen Nong is an ancient Chinese medical text, listing 365 substances with their descriptions and medicinal uses.

  • Historical Fighters and Wrestlers

    Health and Fitness History’s list of the most notable historical combat athletes, including figures like Diagoras of Rhodes and Egyptian Horus.

  • Historical Runners

    Health and Fitness History’s list of the most historical runners, including the legend behind the marathon race, Pheidippides.

  • Historical Strongmen and Weightlifters

    Health and Fitness History’s list of the most historical strongmen and weightlifters, including Milo of Croton and Theagenes of Thasos.

  • History of Ball Sports

    The history of ball sports, from ancient Chinese soccer to keep-away in Rome – learn about the ball games different cultures played throughout history.

  • History of Basketball

    The history of basketball is relatively short – not much more than a century old – originating in Massachusetts in 1891.

  • History of Boxing

    The history of boxing, from ancient Egypt to 17th century England. Learn about the fall of the sport and its revival a millennia later.

  • History of Combat Sports

    The history of combat sports, from ancient Asia, to Mesopotamia, to Europe – learn about fighting, boxing, and wrestling across cultures throughout history.

  • History of Fitness

    The history of fitness and exercise, from ancient Greece to India – learn how these cultures kept their bodies in healthy condition.

  • History of Football (American)

    The history of football, from ancient Greece to medieval Europe – learn about football games of the past and the development of modern American football.

  • History of Golf

    Learn about the history of golf and its debated origins, from medieval Chinese and Dutch sports to the development of the game itself in Scotland.

  • History of Hockey

    The history of hockey, from ancient Irish fields to frozen Canadian lakes – learn about the hockey sports different cultures have played throughout history.

  • History of Karate

    Learn about the history of karate, from its precursors in ancient India to its development in Okinawa, Japan and its spread in the 20th century.

  • History of Kung Fu

    Learn about the history of kung fu, from its precursors in India to its development in Shaolin and its spread throughout China in the Middle Ages.

  • History of Rugby Football

    The history of rugby, from ancient Greece to medieval Europe – learn about football games of the past leading up to England’s development of modern rugby.

  • History of Running

    The history of running, from ancient Ireland to Olympia – learn about the kinds of running competitions and games these cultures engaged in.

  • History of Soccer

    The history of soccer, from ancient China to medieval Europe – learn about football games of the past and the development of modern association football.

  • History of Strength Training

    The history of strength training, from ancient China to medieval Iceland – learn how these cultures disciplined their bodies to build strength and power.