- Greco-Roman Hoop Rolling
Hoop rolling was a sporty Greco-Roman game played by both youths and adults. Using a short stick, they would roll a hoop for as long as possible.
- Greek Diaulos (Race)
The Greek diaulos was a two-lap sprint around 200 meters. It was the second sport to be featured in the ancient Olympic Games.
- Greek Dolichos (Race)
The dolichos was an ancient Greek footrace held at the Olympic Games. It was an endurance race of 18-24 laps on the stadion – about 3 miles.
- Greek Episkyros (Ball Game)
Episkyros, like American football, required a lot of strength and agility. It was a somewhat dangerous sport, with occasional broken bones
- Greek Hoplitodromos (Race)
The hoplitodromos was an encumbered foot race held by the ancient Greeks. Competitors had to sprint while wearing around 50 pounds of armor.
- Greek Palé (Wrestling)
Greek wrestling, palé, was the first non-running event added to the Ancient Olympics, though likely practiced for centuries beforehand.
- Greek Pankration
Pankration was a violent, unrestrained Greek combat sport with elements from boxing and wrestling. Almost no rules meant fighters could kill.
- Greek Pentathlon
The ancient Greek pentathlon was a multi-faceted Olympic event with high athletic demand – discus, javelin, long jump, sprinting, and wrestling.
- Greek Pygmachia (Boxing)
Pygmachia was a wildly popular Greek boxing sport with brutal and bloody fighting techniques, occasionally leading to deaths in the pit.
- Greek Stadion (Race)
The Greek stadion was a highly celebrated footrace and the first event to be held at the ancient Olympic Games.
- Hawaiian Ancient Surfing
Traditional Hawaiian culture is rich with ancient surfing history; giant, glossy surfboards for kings, conditioned koa boards for commoners.
- Icelandic Knattleikr (Viking Lacrosse)
Knattleikr was an Nordic ball sport played by the medieval Icelandic vikings. It appears to have borne some similarities to lacrosse.
- Irish Caid (Medieval Football)
Caid was a medieval Irish football sport, grouped among the European sports that led to the development of soccer, rugby, and football.
- Irish Coraíocht (Collar and Elbow)
Coraíocht, commonly referred to as “Collar and Elbow,” was a grappling sport practiced throughout Ireland for over a millennium.
- Irish Hurling
Hurling is an Irish ball game with ancient Gaelic roots. This high-adrenaline sport has been a symbol of masculinity throughout Irish history.
- Japanese Kemari (Medieval Hacky Sack)
Kemari was a Japanese keep-up game from the Middle Ages. Players cooperated to keep a ball airborne, often purposefully kicking it into trees. Learn more.
- Japanese Sumo Wrestling
Sumo wrestling is a cultural Japanese grappling sport, born out of a mix between 18th century street fighting and Shinto traditions.
- Malla-Yuddha (South Asian Wrestling)
Malla-yuddha was an ancient South Asian combat sport with rich cultural history, incorporating grappling, boxing, and martial arts.
- Medieval French Chole (Golf)
Chole was a medieval French sport with some striking similarities to golf, though one player would strike the ball away from the goal.
- Medieval Mob Football
Medieval mob football was a massive ball sport played in medieval Europe. Teams of entire towns would try to score by any means short of murder.