Index: Tools


  • Chinese Ding

    The Chinese ding was a heavy cauldron with powerful symbolic authority. Ancient martial artists would often lift these massive pieces of bronze.

  • Chinese Lei Tai

    The lei tai was a raised platform on which martial artists would fight. Typically, the goal was to force consecutive challengers over the edge.

  • European Lifting Stones

    Lifting stones, usually weighing 50 to 500 pounds, have been used for strength contests and rites of passage throughout Europe for centuries.

  • Greco-Roman Skamma (Wrestling Pit)

    The skamma was the “wrestling pit” in Ancient Greece, used in Greco-Roman stadiums for combat sports and the long jump.

  • Greek Boxing Equipment

    The main piece of boxing equipment ancient Greek fighters typically wore was a pair of hand wraps with sharp-edged leather to cut their opponent’s face.

  • Greek Discus

    The Greek discus was a bronze plate used in ancient Olympic Games. Athletes would compete for the longest thrown distance.

  • Greek Gymnasium

    The ancient Greek gymnasium was a bastion of physical education where men could train under the supervision of seasoned athletes.

  • Greek Halteres

    Halteres were ancient Greek sporting tools with similarities to the modern dumbbell. They were primarily used in the long jump.

  • Greek Hoplite Armor

    The Greek hoplite armor used in the ancient hoplitodromos race consisted of bronze greaves, a helmet, and a large wooden shield.

  • Greek Javelin

    The Greek javelin, though primarily used for war and hunting, was a recognizable icon within ancient Greek athletic culture.

  • Greek Palaestra

    The palaestra was an ancient Greek athletic establishment for combat sports. It was a central icon within the life of the Greek man.

  • Greek Stadium

    The ancient Greek stadium hosted Panhellenic festivals in different regions, such as the ancient Olympic Games and Panathenaic Games.

  • Greek Strigil

    The strigil was an ancient Greco-Roman tool used to scrape oil, dirt, perspiration, and other contaminants off the skin.

  • Persian Zurkhaneh

    The ancient Persian zurkhaneh originated in military training, evolving into an institution for ritualistic training both physical and mental.

  • Roman Pila (Balls): Follis, Paganica, Trigon

    The four primary sports played in ancient Roman society used three types of balls (pila); the follis, paganica, and trigon